When it comes to optometry, eye doctors treat patients with Glaucoma quite often. Glaucoma is a very common eye condition, especially in individuals over the age of forty. It can, however, be present in some people in early childhood but this is rare. Here at University Vision Centre in El Paso, we encourage our patients to get screened regularly for this disorder. This is because glaucoma often shows no signs until irreversible damage has been done.
What is Glaucoma?
Eyes are constantly making liquid to keep them moist and working. As more liquid forms, the old liquid is removed. In some cases, the tiny ducts through which this liquid is released become plugged and the old liquid stays in the eye. This added to the new moisture creates pressure on the optic nerve. Over time, the added pressure kills some individual nerves that make up the larger optic nerve. As these nerves die, the vision a person would have had that is controlled by that area is gone. Over time, more of the minor nerves will die, and their vision becomes less and less, ending in eventual blindness if left unchecked.
Types of Glaucoma
There are three types of glaucoma:
1. Open-angle: This is the most common type and it occurs when something causes the drainage holes of the eyes to become clogged.
2. Acute angle: When something causes the iris of the eye to shift, it can cover the drainage holes.
3. Normal-tension: This happens when there is damage done to the optic nerve but the cause isn't due to increased pressure from fluid buildup in the eye.
The most popular treatment is actually a preventive measure. The patient will be given eye drops that help reduce the pressure in their eye. These drops will need to be used every day, probably for the rest of their life. If the drops don't work, the eye doctor will create a new drainage hole with a laser procedure. Unfortunately, once the damage has been done to the optic nerve it can't be undone so getting your eyes regularly checked and following up with any treatment the doctor prescribes is the best way to keep your vision.
Glaucoma Treatment in El Paso
Here at University Vision Centre, we encourage those who are at risk of developing glaucoma to keep up on regular visits. It is easier to help prevent glaucoma than it is to treat the damage done when the condition is left untreated. How long has it been since you’ve had an eye doctor visit? Call us at (915) 533-1811 to book your appointment today!